Mulakkal, who served in the Diocese of Jalandhar had been accused of sexually assaulting a nun multiple times over a period of two years. However, the victim’s pleas had fallen on the deaf ears of church authorities, who had ignored the allegations for as long as they could. Finally, after the victim approached the police, Mulakkal was arrested in 2018, but charged only a year later in the aftermath of relentless protests by nuns, during which reports of a cover-up to protect the clergyman had also emerged. The case also gained notoriety as a key witness who was a priest and had testified against Mulakkal was found dead under mysterious circumstances in 2018. Similarly, four of the five nuns who had protested against Mulakkal had been shunted out from their convent in Kerala, a move which many believe was aimed at silencing their allegations.