Around 28.24 per cent of over 40 lakh voters exercised their franchise till 11 am on Friday in the fifth and final phase of Jharkhand Assembly elections, Election Commission (EC) officials said.
Long queues were seen before polling stations in the 16 constituencies with voters braving minimum temperatures hovering between 6.6 degrees Celsius and 10 degrees Celsius.
Voting will end at 3 pm in five constituencies while it will conclude at 5 pm in the remaining seats, they said.
The seats where polling is underway are Borio (ST), Barhait (ST), Litipara (ST), Maheshpur (ST), Sikaripara (ST), Rajmahal, Pakur, Nalla, Jamtara, Dumka (ST), Jama (ST), Jarmundi, Sarath, Poreyahat, Godda and Mahagama.
Altogether 40,05,287 electorate, including 19,55,336 women and 30 third gender voters, are eligible to cast their vote, Jharkhand Chief Electoral Officer Vinay Kumar Choubey said.
Adequate security forces have been deployed, he said.
Of 5,389 polling stations, 396 in Naxal-affected areas have been marked as "critical" while 208 have been declared "sensitive".
In all, 1,321 polling stations in non-left wing extremism affected areas have been marked as "critical" while 1,765 declared "sensitive".
The Election Commission has set up 8,987 ballot units, 6,738 control units and 7,006 VVPAT machines.
Altogether, 249 polling stations have been marked as model booths.
As many as 133 polling stations have women staff while 1,347 have webcasting facilities, Choubey said.
BJP candidate and Jharkhand Agriculture Minister Randhir Singh is seeking re-election from Sarath.
State Women and Child Development Minister Louis Marandi is contesting against JMM's working president and former chief minister Hemant Soren from Dumka.
Louis Marandi had defeated Soren in the 2014 assembly elections.
Like the previous Assembly polls when he contested from two seats, Soren is in the fray from Barhait as well.
Soren's sister-in-law Sita Soren is seeking reelection from Jama.
The BJP, which is contesting on all 16 seats in this final phase, has fielded sitting MLAs Ashok Kumar Bhagat, Anant Ojha and Amit Mandal from Mahagama, Rajmahal and Godda assembly constituencies, respectively.
Former deputy chief minister and sitting JMM MLA Stephen Marandi is seeking re-election from Maheshpur.
The state president of the Janata Dal (United) and former MP, Salkhan Murmu, is contesting from Sikaripara.
The JMM-Congress-RJD alliance has fielded candidates from all 16 constituencies.
While the JMM has fielded nominees in 11 seats, the Congress and the RJD are contesting from four and one segments, respectively.
The Babulal Marandi-headed Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) has also fielded candidates in this round.
Candidates of the Bahujan Samaj Party, Lok Jan Shakti Party, AJSU Party and the Left are also in the fray.
Of the 81 assembly seats, elections had concluded in 65 constituencies in the previous four phases between November 30 and December 16.