During surges, countries need to increase access to the measures that can lower risk of infection, like masks. The right mask, worn properly and consistently in indoor public spaces, can provide some protection against all variants. Now that there are drugs available to treat infections, country leaders and drug companies must ensure that there’s plenty of supply and that it is available to everyone. This must include people in developing countries. Drugs like Paxlovid, produced by Pfizer, can be taken orally, which allows people to stay home and out of hospitals. Access to this kind of drug is especially important in countries where vaccination rates are low and people are less protected.