"We were looking at naive T cells that have never been activated, so it was a surprise that they behaved differently based on age," Farber said. "What this is saying is that the infant's immune system is robust, it's efficient, and it can get rid of pathogens in early life. In some ways, it may be even better than the adult immune system, since it's designed to respond to a multitude of new pathogens," Farber added. That appears to be playing out in the case of COVID. "SARS-CoV-2 is new to absolutely everybody, so we're now seeing a natural, side-by-side comparison of the adult and infant immune system," Farber said.