AP Shah, retired Chief Justice, Delhi and Madras High Courts, pointing out in an article that lapse of the State governments in responding to the bill indicates a collective agreement of the State governments that police brutality is a necessary evil to maintain law and order, had said: “Neither the Home Ministry nor this government is likely to take up the torture law. Indeed, the manner in which the torture bill has been treated reveals a betrayal of the people of India by successive governments.” “There have been opportunities for 23 years to enact a law on torture, but they have been studiously avoided. State consultation also has no meaning. It is evident that all governments enjoy the status quo, where the police are used as a tool for self-preservation. Any disequilibrium is not politically desirable,” he said, however, reposing faith in people to build a movement against those practices.