Policy expert Dharmesh Shah said that there’s hardly a dent made in the implementation of the E-waste rules. “Majority of the e-waste is being recycled by the informal sector, hazardously. Most of these units are backyard operations, without proper safety mechanisms. The motherboard has precious metals and to extract this, you need heavy acids. These operations are illegal, according to regulations, but as with many other laws, it is not implemented,” he said. Shah added that it is mandated by the laws for the companies to buy back these used products and set up logistics. “The E-waste rules speak about extended producer responsibility (EPR), where the producer is responsible for buying back products after use, for safe disposal. When companies can have home delivery when a customer buys their products, why can’t a similar pick up service be arranged for returning used products? These products can be disposed through a formal recycler,” he said.