US Fed focussed on inflation: S&P Global Market Intelligence

Consumer inflation in the US though declined marginally in August to 8.3 per cent from 8.5 per cent in July
Representative Image
Representative ImageANI

NEW DELHI: The US Federal Reserve will be single-mindedly focused on inflation until it is lowered closer to the 2 per cent target on a sustained basis, said global business intelligence solution firm S&P Global Market Intelligence. A two-day monetary policy meeting of the US central bank is scheduled to commence Tuesday.

"It sees slaying inflation as the defining challenge of this episode. It will tolerate, even expect, a period of economic softness and higher unemployment as the price to pay to bring inflation down," said Ken Matheny, Executive Director, US Economics at S&P Global Market Intelligence.

Consumer inflation in the US though declined marginally in August to 8.3 per cent from 8.5 per cent in July but is way above the 2 per cent goal and several senior top bankers recently said that another interest rate hike is imminent.

Raising interest rates is a monetary policy instrument that typically helps suppress demand in the economy, thereby enabling the inflation rate to decline.

It is expected that it will raise the rates by another 75 basis points to a range of 3 per cent to 3.25 per cent -- which would be the third consecutive increase of that magnitude.

"Indeed, there is some speculation that policymakers will hike interest rates by an unprecedented 100 basis points this month in an attempt to signal in the most forceful manner its determination to see inflation brought down quickly. We would not rule out such a move, but with no signalling from policymakers that it might be considered, we see an increase of 75 basis points as more likely this week," it said in a note.

However, it anticipates that several factors will give rise to a sustained and substantial decline in inflation over the next few years, which underpins the expectation that the US Fed will continue hiking interest rates through the end of this year -- then pause for about one year before beginning to reverse course and lower interest rates, S&P Global Market Intelligence note said.

Looking ahead beyond September

The US Fed is expected to continue to push the brakes hard and with both feet until there is a string of low inflation reports. A rate hike of 75 basis points this week could put the Fed on track to lift the upper end of the target range for the federal funds rate to about 4 per cent by December.

"We assume that 4 per cent will prove to be the peak for the funds' rate target. We expect the FOMC to hold the funds' rate target at 4 per cent for one year and anticipate it will begin to consider lowering interest rates in late 2023 at which point we project that annual core inflation will have declined to less than 2.75 per cent and monthly readings will point to further declines to near 2 per cent," the note added.

Visit to explore our interactive epaper!

Download the DT Next app for more exciting features!

Click here for iOS

Click here for Android

Related Stories

No stories found.
DT next