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Banks need to take 40-60 per cent haircut to get RP4 rating: Report

With bad loans worth over Rs 50,000 crore under RBI’s independent credit evaluation (ICE) framework, a report said Wednesday that banks need to take a haircut of 40-60 per cent to have a rating of RP4 for implementation of any resolution plan.

Banks need to take 40-60 per cent haircut to get RP4 rating: Report
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According to the Reserve Bank of India’s February 12 circular, all resolution plans with an opinion or rating of RP4 are considered to have moderate degree of safety regarding timely servicing of financial obligations.

RBI in its revised framework had said all resolution plans involving restructuring or change in ownership for large accounts where the aggregate exposure of lenders is Rs 100 crore and above would require ICE of the residual debt by credit rating agencies (CRAs). 

All stressed accounts with an exposure of Rs 500 crore and above will require two such ICEs, while others will need one ICE.

Only such resolution plans which receive a credit opinion of RP4 or better for the residual debt from one or two CRAs shall be considered for implementation, RBI had said.

“With stressed debt of over Rs 50,000 crore under ICE framework, banks have to take a haircut in the range of 40-60 per cent to achieve a rating of RP4,” according to a joint report by industry body Assocham and rating agency Crisil. It said the average sustainable debt for these assets is around 50 per cent.

The National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) had approved resolution plan for 32 stressed assets under the corporate insolvency resolution process (CIRP) as on June 30, with resolution to the tune of Rs 50,000 crore against total claims of Rs 89,400 crore admitted by financial and operational creditors. The average resolution timeline for these 32 accounts were 260 days vis-a-vis the stipulated 270 days.

It said an improvement in the recovery rate and reduction in timeline for resolution will increase investor confidence in the domestic corporate bond market.

The report further said that the IBC is expected to promote a market for unsecured financing.

“That is because the distribution waterfall of recoveries following liquidation gives unsecured financial creditors (apart from all secured creditors) precedence over government dues,” it said.

ICICI warns of excess focus on digital lending

Stating people can “game” credit bureau scores and doubt the authenticity of tax returns, a top ICICI Bank official cautioned against excessive use of algorithms in lending and has called for applying “human judgement.” The warning by the private sector lender comes even as banks, including ICICI Bank itself, and new-age fintechs are increasingly using credit scores issued by Cibil and other online tools to assess creditworthiness of a borrower for quicker turnaround of credit proposals. 

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