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G20 Health meet: India to play a proactive role in negotiations

India on Tuesday said it will play a proactive role in representing the 'Global South' in the negotiations across multilateral Global health platforms.

G20 Health meet: India to play a proactive role in negotiations
Dr Mansukh Mandaviya

NEW DELHI: Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, Dr Mansukh Mandaviya on Thursday said that during its G20 Presidency, India will focus on health emergencies prevention preparedness and response through One Health and AMR.

"India's G20 Presidency health priorities will be focussed on - health emergencies prevention preparedness and response," said Mandaviya.

Using a One Health approach, it helps design, implement and monitor programmes, policies and research on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) surveillance to provide evidence and advance inter-sectoral collaboration between public health, animal and environmental health sectors to achieve better public health outcomes.

India will aim to play a major role in converging discussions in multiple forums for Global Health Architecture and act as an enabler for reducing fragmentation and duplication.

India will aim to play a proactive role in representing the Global South in the negotiations across multilateral Global health platforms.

The Union Minister also emphasized upon strengthening cooperation in the pharmaceutical sector by creating a permanent medical countermeasure platform and ensuring the availability of safe, quality and affordable diagnostic vaccines and therapeutics. India is known as the Pharmacy of the World.

India will be able to utilize the Agenda to promote distributed manufacturing of vaccines, drugs, and diagnostics globally so as to manage future health emergencies.

India has exported drugs and vaccines to over 150 countries globally during the pandemic. Presently, Medical Countermeasures availability is being linked to national security and India can ensure playing a proactive role in ensuring health security for Global South & LMICs.

Dr Mandaviya also proposed site events such as Digital Health Workshop on collaborative research to expand access to medical counter-measures, medical value travel and holistic healthcare by providing universal health coverage and improving healthcare service delivery.

India already has an established leadership position in Digital Health. Digital Health Resolution in the 71st World Health Assembly was moved by India & endorsed by World.

India has been the Chair of the Global Digital Health Partnership, the largest inter-governmental body (33 countries as members) for Digital Health.

The use of Digital Health solutions such as Co-WIN, Telemedicine, & COVID-19 India platform highlighted the advantages of data-driven insights and the use of technology for accessibility, ease of availability, and affordability in health service delivery.

Notably, 1st Health Working Group (HWG) meeting will start from Jan18 -20 at Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala; Second HWG meeting will take place from April 1719 in Goa; Third HWG from June 4-6 in Hyderabad, Telangana and the fourth HWG meeting and G20 Health Ministerial Meeting will take place from August 17-19 in Gandhinagar, Gujarat.

India formally assumed the Presidency of G-20 on December 1, 2022 and will hold it till November 30, 2023. For India, an opportunity for setting an agenda for healthcare has been a priority area for G20 deliberations since 2017.

The G20 now has health finance in its financial stream and health systems development in the Sherpa stream. An annual G20 meeting of health ministers and a joint health and finance task force reflects the seriousness the subject has gained.

The Berlin Declaration 2017 of the G20 health ministers provided a composite approach focusing on pandemic preparedness, health system strengthening and tackling antimicrobial resistance.

The Covid-19 pandemic gave added urgency to pandemic preparedness and the Indonesian presidency in 2022 made it the major focus. The Indian presidency needs to advance these agendas.

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