In the UPA-Congress government, the excise duty on petrol was only Rs 9.20 per liter, which was increased to Rs 32.90 per liter by the Modi government, he said. He said after its defeat in November 4 by-elections, the BJP brought down the excise duty from petrol to Rs 21.80 per litre, but it was still 512 per cent higher than what it was during the Congress government. Citing data of a recent RBI report, the Congress leader said that as per the report 'Demonetisation and wrong GST' the Modi-government ruined the small and medium industries of the country. Despite demonetisation, the amount of cash in the economy increased by 64 per cent, he said. Just before demonetisation on November 8, 2016, cash in circulation was Rs 17.74 lakh crore, which increased to Rs 29.17 lakh crore on October 29, 2021, he said citing the report. According to the recent 'Global Hunger Index Report', India was behind the likes of even Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh, ranking at 101 in a list of 116 nations, he said.