The challenges, given the constant surge in new infections, which appear to be led by the spread of the ‘Indian’ or ‘double variant’, are enormous. Already, there are reports of deaths in a few places because of the lack of oxygen and hospital beds. The decision to import 50,000 metric tonnes of medical oxygen and the diversion of oxygen to medical purposes from units manufacturing steel and glass items are welcome. But oxygen capacity in the country is limited and oxygen is difficult to transport to places where it is urgently required. Similarly, it is not easy to scale up hospital beds. Hospitals in New Delhi, for instance, are already overrun, and their health infrastructure is threatening to burst its seams.