Jim Mattis' administration was jolted again this week by the resignation of national security adviser Michael Flynn, who was seen in Moscow as a leading advocate of warmer ties with Russia. But NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg dismissed concerns about the turmoil or US backing for NATO.
“I’m absolutely certain that the message of this meeting will be a message of transatlantic unity, of the importance of that we stand together and protect each other, and a very strong commitment of the United States to NATO,” he told reporters. Britain’s defense secretary echoed that mantra.
“There is no uncertainty about America’s commitment to NATO,” Michael Fallon told reporters when asked about the Flynn’s resignation. Denmark’s Claus Hjort Frederiksen said everything he had heard was “calming and reassuring.”
Still, European allies are expected to privately seek details from Mattis about Trump’s attitude toward the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, which has guaranteed Europe’s security for almost 70 years. Trump has deeply unsettled allies with his contradictory remarks on NATO — calling it “obsolete” but also voicing support — and with his praise for Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Moscow’s 2014 annexation of Crimea, Ukraine’s Black Sea peninsula, and its direct support for rebels in eastern Ukraine have prompted NATO to begin sending alliance troops to Russia’s borders to deter the Kremlin from any other moves. The White House said that Trump expected Russia to hand back Crimea to Ukraine.
One senior European NATO diplomat said allies are under no illusion that Trump might not still undo careful diplomatic work with a single message on Twitter. But they would still look for his support as they try to manage tensions with Russia. “We need to bring the family together,” the diplomat said. “Things have been made to feel fragile.”
In his debut trip to Europe as Pentagon chief, Mattis is set to echo long standing US calls that European allies invest more on defense, something his predecessors under Republican and Democratic administrations have done for years. But experts say that message will have to be calibrated, because while Trump has eased off his criticism of NATO since taking office, he has maintained criticism of some allies for failing to make “full and proper financial contributions.” NATO Europe argues it is increasing defense spending, upping outlays by $10 billion last year. NATO defense ministers from Europe, Canada and Turkey will also want to hear from Mattis, who will be first to address the 27 other defense ministers on Wednesday (early Thursday IST), on how the alliance can meet Trump’s demands to do more to counter Islamic militants. NATO says it is already active, training troops from Afghanistan to Iraq, and cannot do the work of police or social workers seeking out returning foreign fighters from Syria. “We need to be clear that the response to international terrorism cannot be led by NATO, but it can a part of that,” a second senior European NATO diplomat said.