“Call Me Priya” tells the story of a young woman in Tamil Nadu, where about 4 lakh people are employed in 1,500 spinning mills to turn cotton into yarn, fabric and clothes.
Despite laws to protect workers - mainly young women from poor, low caste communities - they labour 12 hours or more a day, and often face intimidation, sexual remarks and harassment. Yet, many people remain unaware of the risks they face if they join the industry, campaigners said and added that those who have taken jobs may not know how to push back against the abuses.
By screening “Call Me Priya” in 405 villages in Tamil Nadu, 13 charities aim to give the communities an accurate picture of conditions in the industry, while building solidarity between workers.
“The idea is to create resilience among young workers, and empower teenagers, who are in the pipeline to join the mills,” said Ramamurthy Vidyasagar, a child rights activist who helped develop an outline for discussions at the screenings.
Those goals have taken on added urgency since campaigners earlier this year documented 20 deaths - including suspected suicides - over the course of three months in factories and hostels housing textile workers in Tamil Nadu.
The half-hour film is based on interviews the filmmakers had with more than 60 factory employees, as well as testimonies collected by campaigners from 308 bonded laborers who work with no salary until a debt is paid. The film’s main character, Priya, is a bright student who is forced to work in a spinning mill to help her parents pay off a debt – a situation that resonates with most young workers.
Through Priya’s eyes, the film explores rampant sexual harassment in mills, low wages, false promises made by employers, and poverty in their homes. While the film delves deeper than labour abuses, discussions at the screenings also explore social conditions that drive young women to take jobs in the textile industry.
At a recent screening in the village of Kurumpatti, workers discussed Priya’s struggles and the number of hours a 15-year-old girl is able to work as well as issues like alcohol addiction and gender discrimination.
Sivaranjani Chinnamuniyadi, a facilitator with Serene Secular Social Service
Society, a charity that assists garment workers in Tamil Nadu’s Dindigul district said, “Girls open up and talk about why they took up these factory jobs, how tiring it is and how they wish they could give it up.”
The film’s ending tends to stir intense discussion, according to those organising the screenings. Priya triumphs over her challenges and ends up becoming a doctor - a happy ending that many textile workers argue is impossible for them to achieve.
(Thomson Reuters Foundation)