Most of the victims were under 15, according to data released Friday by the sports ministry. The alleged abuse included sexual assault, harassment or other violence.
Sixty people have faced criminal proceedings, more than 100 have been temporarily or permanently removed from their posts, and local investigations are under way into other cases, the ministry said.
The abuse reached across the country and across the whole sector, with accusations targeting a total of 48 sports federations.
Of those accused, 96% are men. Of the victims, 83% were women, and 63% were under 15, the ministry said.
The fact-finding probe was launched in February 2020 after 10-time French skating champion Sarah Abitbol said in a book that she was raped by coach Gilles Beyer from 1990-92, when she was a teen. Beyer was handed preliminary charges of sexual assault and the investigation is ongoing.
In the wake of Abitbol''s accusations, more skaters spoke out to denounce alleged sexual violence from coaches. The sports ministry set up a dedicated platform for athletes'' testimonies and conducted a year of hearings.
In its statement, the ministry called Abitbol''s testimony "a historic moment for French sport" that raised awareness and has pushed authorities to crack down on abuse.
A new law on tougher screening of sports educators, including volunteer coaches, went into effect Friday, and the French government and sports federations have pledged to respond faster and more effectively to reports of abuse.