“Anyone can be affected with an overactive bladder. It leads to frequent urination and disturbed sleep. It is common in women above the age of 45, and in most women, it occurs after menopause. One in two women of the age of 50 and above can be affected with overactive bladder,” says Dr Meera VV Ragavan, consultant urogynecologist at Apollo Hospitals.
Being a lifestyle disorder, overactive bladder is linked to obesity, diabetes, medicines linked to hypertension and obstructive sleep apnea. Doctors say that positive changes in lifestyle can prevent the risk of developing this condition.
“Drinking too much caffeinated drinks and alcoholism can also affect the urinary functioning. While drinking adequate water is necessary, it is important that one does not mis-train the bladder by controlling it for too long. Maintaining weight and doing pelvic floor exercises since first delivery will help in preventing overactive disorders,” adds Dr Meera.
Urologists say that women usually hesitate to share these issues with doctors, which will then affect the quality of life and even leads to low self-esteem. Lifestyle and schedules have changed due to the
lockdown, and thus this condition is affecting more people than usual.
“Many women are unaware that overactive bladder is a medical condition, which can be treated by lifestyle modifications and medications. Though their quality of life is affected, women do not share the problems they face with doctors. Women need to be aware that medications are available to treat these medications,” says Dr Vijaya Subramanian, director of Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology.