Currently, the fair trade regulator is investigating allegations of similar pricing as well as simultaneous increase in ticket prices by the airlines. The cases pertain to steep fluctuations in airfares during the Jat agitation in Haryana and floods in Chennai, among other instances, in the last few years.
Mital, chairperson of the Competition Commission of India (CCI), said that it is currently looking into couple of cases of alleged price fixing by airlines.
“We are trying to work out the pricing pattern followed by airlines. Airlines have often stated that similarity in airfares as well as increase in prices is an outcome of demand based dynamic pricing by the software used by them.
“Unless and until the issue is examined and looked into in detail, we cannot say much at this stage,” Mital said in an interview.
There have been instances of spike in air ticket prices during festivals and natural calamities. Earlier this year, some members in the Rajya Sabha sought a cap on airfares and the government has been maintaining that fares are deregulated.
The CCI chief said the cases being looked at involve allegations of similar pricing by airlines during the Jat agitation and floods in Chennai.
While the Jat agitation took place in early 2016, the floods occurred in 2015. “Basically, one case being looked into is about similarity in prices of different airlines for the same route that customer often comes across while booking tickets and the other is about surge pricing, for example, how is that during Jat agitation all airlines on the same day decided to increase the prices,” Mital said.
The regulator is waiting for a report from the Director General (DG), which is its investigation arm. Generally, cases where the CCI has found prima-facie evidence of violations of competition norms are referred to the DG for a detailed probe.
“We have asked the DG to look into the algorithms used by the airlines for determining the fares to ascertain whether the airlines have coordinated to fix prices or the algorithms function on their own to determine the prices,” Mital said.
Further, he said the process starts only after the DG submits its report. The CCI, which keeps a tab on unfair business practices across sectors, has powers to penalise entities for anti-competitive ways as well as direct them to cease and desist from indulging in such practices.