What kind of disorders can occur due to deficiency of iodine?
The deficiency of iodine can cause various health disorders including infant mortality, stillbirth, congenital anomalies, miscarriage, goitre, hypothyroidism and impaired growth. Iodine deficiency is known to cause mental disorders, preventable mental retardation and loss of intellectual capacity. The effect of iodine deficiency causes damage to the development of the brain and is especially damaging during the early stages of pregnancy and in early childhood.
- Dr R Mala, senior obstetrician, Mint Hospitals
How are renal diseases in children different from adults?
The disease spectrum in paediatric nephrology is very different from that seen in the adult population. The general perception of renal disorders is that they present with decreased urine output and edema. But in children, the disease manifestation includes increased urine output, mild dehydration, persistence of bed wetting and increased thirst. Early identification and treatment of children with such symptoms can retard the progression to end stage renal disease. Knowledge of the presenting complaints and a high index of suspicion, with early intervention will be very beneficial in these children.
- Dr N Prahlad, senior consultant, paediatric nephrology, Rainbow Children’s Hospital.
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