With patients getting younger, and the pregnancy age among women getting higher, the complications faced by pregnant women are aplenty.
It is advisable to conceive only after the blood sugar reaches normal levels. It is of paramount importance to maintain normal blood sugar levels during the first trimester because that is when the foetus’ organs are formed, and the child begins to take shape. In order to ensure proper growth, it is very important that the right levels of blood sugar be maintained.
Several issues such as premature birth, miscarriage, Congenital defects, overweight baby at birth, breathing difficulties at birth, and a sudden drop in blood sugar and prolonged jaundice lasting for a few days can occur. Mother can face certain issues such as eye diseases, damage to the kidneys, proneness to infections and increased blood pressure.
On empty stomach, that is, after at least eight hours of fasting, the blood sugar levels of a mother should ideally be 96 mg/dl (60-99 mg/dl). Two hours after food, it should be 126mg/dl (100-129 mg/dl). Even if blood sugar remains normal before pregnancy, it should be tested during the first check-up. If the blood sugar levels are higher than those mentioned above, it must be brought under control through proper treatment and dietary restrictions.
Blood sugar can be controlled by making dietary changes. This works only when there is a moderate increase in blood sugar. The everyday intake must be increased by only 300 calories. Otherwise, it would lead to weight gain and it would be impossible to control the blood sugar levels. Ideally, the diet should include be vegetables, grains and pulses, fat-free milk products, fruits and fish.
Proper exercise routine is very important. Simple exercises like walking and swimming should be followed. Exercises removes pains and aches in the feet and mind gets rejuvenated.
Since the sugar in the blood is used up by the muscles, the blood sugar levels decrease. However, mothers-to-be with high blood pressures and those with defects of the eyes and other organs should not exercise.
Strenuous exercises must be strictly avoided. In addition to physical well-being, higher blood sugar levels also tend to affect the mental health.
Depression can be cured easily if it is diagnosed and treated at a very early stage. Otherwise, the mothers-to-be might lose interest in watching their diet, and fail to keep their blood sugar levels in control. This could result in serious complications. Maintaining excellent mental health during pregnancy is very important.